Prostate Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Prostate Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention
Prostate Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention


Prostate Cancer is a common type of cancer in males and is treatable if you detect it in the early stages. This type of cancer starts in the prostate, which begins in the prostate gland between the penis and bladder. It is the most common type of cancer to affect males, and you can treat it with modern medicines as well as ayurvedic medicine for prostate cancer.

The prostate gland has several functions, including:

  • aids in controlling urine
  • a protein called a prostate-specific antigen, which helps semen retain its liquid state.
  • Produce a liquid that aids in flourishing and transporting sperm.

Since the treatment is effective, only 1 in 41 men die because of this type of cancer. Routine check-ups help the doctor to detect cancer at an early stage.


The cause of prostate cancer is not exact. Doctors suggest that a change in the DNA causes this type of cancer. A DNA instructs the cells what to do, and the changes lead to the cells dividing more rapidly. These extra cells then accumulate that forms a tumor that goes on to invade the nearby tissue.

Moreover, cancerous or precancerous cells in the prostate gland also lead to this type of cancer, although they might not be cancerous. High-grade cells are more likely to spread and turn into cancer than low-grade cells.


Symptoms are not common in this type of cancer, and an early screening helps in detecting it. Men who do have symptoms usually experience:

  • blood in urine
  • pain while urinating
  • difficulty in starting and maintaining urine
  • pain on ejaculation
  • frequently urinating, especially at night
  • Difficulty maintaining an erection
  • pain while sitting

Advanced symptoms of prostate cancer include:

  • Weight loss
  • Tiredness
  • Bone fracture or bone pain
  • Edema, which is swelling of feet or hips
  • Back pain
  • Changes in bowel movements


The doctor decided on the treatment after looking at the type of cancer the patient has. There are different treatments for different cancer stages, including ayurvedic medicine for the prostate, which has proven beneficial.

Treatment for Early Stages

If the cancer size is small, the doctor might recommend one of the following:

  1. Monitoring and watching cancer without giving any medicines. Prostate cancer is slow-growing cancer, and sometimes no medication is necessary.
  1. Surgery is essential in some cases, and so the doctor can advise removing the prostate gland.
  1. Radiation therapy is also an option to treat an early stage of prostate cancer. There are two types of it, brachytherapy and conformal radiation therapy.

Treatment for Advanced Stages


This treatment will kill the cancerous cells but will have many side effects.

Hormonal Therapy

Blocking this hormone can reduce or stop the growth of cancerous cells in your body.


You can reduce the chances of prostate cancer if you make some small changes in your life, including:

Maintain Healthy Weight

Staying active and healthy is the solution to all problems. So if you’re overweight, try to reduce your weight to reduce the risks of prostate cancer.

Healthy Diet

Eating a variety of vegetables, fruits, and nuts have a positive impact on your overall health. So make sure to take a healthy and balanced diet to reduce your chances of this cancer.

Skip Supplements

Studies show that none of the supplements reduces the chances of prostate cancer. So try and make sure to eat healthy to stay active and healthy.


Try to exercise for at least thirty minutes, five days a week. Exercising improves your overall health and reduces the chances of prostate cancer.

Risk Factors

Certain factors increase the chances of prostate cancer. They include:

Older age

As people age, the chances of them getting this cancer increases.

Family History

If any of your close relatives have gotten this type of cancer, then chances are you can also get it.


Although this cause is not determined, black males are more prone to this type of cancer, and it is more aggressive and advanced in black males.


Conclusively, even though this type of cancer is rare in men since it is treatable, it can still be deadly cancer. Young males have a higher chance of survival and effective treatment. On average, men usually live for five or more years after the diagnosis of prostate cancer. So make sure to visit your doctor if you notice anything unusual, pain, or discomfort and try to get yourself checked twice a year for your good health. It is highly essential not to ignore any of the above symptoms.